Early Water Supply Techniques in The City Of Rome

Early Water Supply Techniques in The City Of Rome With the development of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to depend entirely on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people dwelling at greater elevations turned to water drawn from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. In the early 16th century, the city began to utilize the water that ran underground through Acqua Vergine to furnish drinking water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were engineered at regular intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. Though they were originally developed to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to accumulate water from the channel, commencing when he acquired the property in 1543. It appears that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t enough to satisfy his needs. Via an opening to the aqueduct that ran below his property, he was in a position to suit his water demands.

The Origins Of Garden Fountains

The Origins Of Garden Fountains The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complete your home.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose.Origins Garden Fountains 60794128951.jpg Residents of cities, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash, which meant that fountains had to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and more elevated than the fountain so that gravity could make the water flow downwards or jet high into the air. Acting as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. Roman fountains often depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were supposed to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to exalt their positions by including beautiful baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. The introduction of special water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Contemporary fountains are used to adorn public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

"Old School" Water Fountain Designers

"Old School" Water Fountain Designers Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted individuals, During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the artist as a creative master, inventor and scientific virtuoso. He carefully registered his observations in his now famed notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the qualities and mobility of water. Ingenious water displays full of symbolic significance and all-natural wonder changed private villa settings when early Italian water feature designers combined resourcefulness with hydraulic and landscaping expertise. The magnificence in Tivoli were developed by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was famed for his capabilities in archeology, engineering and garden design. For the assorted lands near Florence, other fountain designers were well versed in humanistic subjects as well as ancient technical texts, masterminding the incredible water marbles, water features and water humor.

Select from Any Number of Outdoor Wall Fountain Styles

Select from Any Number of Outdoor Wall Fountain Styles You can create a place to unwind as well as add a touch of style to your porch or yard with a wall fountain since they are excellent adornments to fit into small area. The multitude of designs in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one best suited to your tastes. It is possible to have one customized if you are unable to find a pre-assembled fountain to suit you.

Mounted and stand-alone water features are available on the market. Small, self-contained models can be placed on a wall are called mounted wall fountains. One of the most important aspects of wall fountains is that they be light, so they are normally made of fiberglass or resin to replicate the look of stone. Free-standing fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, are of considerable size, have a basin positioned on the ground and a smooth side which leans against a wall. Typically made of cast stone, these water features have no weight restrictions.

Many qualified landscapers prefer custom-built fountains which can be integrated into a brand-new wall or an existing one.Select Number Outdoor Wall Fountain Styles 024150536330416141.jpg Installing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work needs a expert mason to do it right. The wall will have to have a spout or fountain mask incorporated into it. A tailor-made wall fountain blends into the landscape instead of standing out because it was a later addition, which contributes to a unified look.

The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design

The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design The introduction of the Normans in the later half of the eleventh century considerably modified The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. Nonetheless the Normans had to pacify the overall territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Most often built upon windy summits, castles were straightforward constructs that enabled their occupants to devote time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings frequently placed in only the most fecund, broad valleys.Impact Norman Conquest Anglo-Saxon Garden Design 34105423475555.jpg The bare fortresses did not provide for the calm avocation of gardening. Berkeley Castle is perhaps the most intact model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to assailants trying to dig under the castle walls. A picturesque bowling green, enveloped in grass and surrounded by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, forms one of the terraces.
The Many Construction Materials of Wall fountains While today’s garden fountains are made in a variety of materials, most are crafted from metal.Those made from metals have clean lines and unique sculptural elements, and are flexible enough to fit any budget and decor.... read more


Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Garden Fountains There are numerous popular water fountains in the city center of Rome.Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the most brilliant sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, conceived and built nearly all of them.... read more


The Various Construction Materials of Large Outdoor Fountains Though they come in various materials, today’s garden fountains tend to be made of metal.Those made from metals have clean lines and unique sculptural elements, and are versatile enough to fit any budget and decor.... read more


The Many Types of Wall Water Fountains You can find tranquility and silence when you add a wall fountain in your backyard or patio.You can have one custom-built to suit your requirements even if you have a minimum amount of space.... read more