The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping The Anglo-Saxon way of life was drastically changed by the introduction of the Normans in the later eleventh century. Engineering and gardening were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But before concentrating on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population.Effect Norman Conquest Anglo-Saxon Landscaping 554136934222.jpg Because of this, castles were cruder buildings than monasteries: Monasteries were usually important stone buildings set in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were constructed on windy crests where their residents devoted time and space to projects for offense and defense. The calm practice of gardening was unlikely in these dismal bastions. Berkeley Castle is most likely the most unchanged model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A large terrace recommended for exercising and as a means to stop attackers from mining under the walls runs about the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge trimmed into the figure of crude battlements.

Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Solutions

Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery SolutionsRome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Solutions 622006854275774.jpg Rome’s 1st raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, residents living at higher elevations had to rely on natural streams for their water. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the lone techniques around at the time to supply water to locations of higher elevation. To furnish water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they utilized the emerging strategy of redirecting the flow from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it less demanding to maintain the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to remove water from the aqueduct, as we witnessed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he operated the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. Although the cardinal also had a cistern to collect rainwater, it didn’t produce enough water. That is when he made the decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran directly below his property.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Landscape Fountains

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Landscape Fountains In order to ensure that water fountains last a long time, it is vital to practice regular maintenance. A common concern with fountains is that they tend to accumulate dirt and debris, so it is vital that you keep it free from this. Also, algae tends to build up anywhere natural light meets water. To prevent this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add straight into the water. Bleach can also be mixed into the water, but this is not an ideal option as it can sicken birds or other animals.

Every three-four months, garden fountains should have a decent cleaning. First off you must empty the water. When you have done this, scrub inside the water reservoir with a gentle detergent. Feel free to use a toothbrush if needed for any stubborn crevasses. Any soap residue left on your fountain can damage it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

It is highly suggested taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and remove any plankton or calcium. To make it less challenging, soak it in vinegar for a while before cleaning. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to avoid any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain every day and add water if you notice that the level is too low. Low water levels can ruin the pump - and you don't want that!

An Intro to Herbs in Your Garden

Intro Herbs Garden 15606588.jpg An Intro to Herbs in Your Garden An Overview of Container Gardens & Herbal Plants. These plants are easy to grow and have the appeal of instant gratification, as they can be used in soups, marinades, and other recipes. Though you may believe you have to get out and prune every day with an herb garden this is not true, but even better you can keep it going all year long by moving your pots inside in the fall. It is often sensible to allow perennial herbs to comprise the bulk of your garden, as these will not die and require replanting at the end of the year. Consider the types of flavors you prefer cooking with (and eating)when choosing herbs for your garden. Take into account the meals you desire when selecting which herbs to plant in your garden. For instance, if you cook a lot of Italian food you may want to cultivate basil and oregano. If you like Latin food, select cilantro. It is essential to determine where your herbs will be planted in order to decide which herbs will thrive. To make the job a lot simpler, plant directly in the ground if you live in a mild climate with no harsh winters or summers It is simultaneously an attractive way to landscape your yard and an effortless option because you do not need to assemble or buy planters. If you don't want to your plants to perish or become dormant after being subjected to severe weather conditions, you can still rely on planters. They are practical and versatile and you can relocate inside at any time.

The Distribution of Outdoor Garden Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe

The Distribution of Outdoor Garden Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe The published papers and illustrated pamphlets of the time contributed to the advancements of scientific innovation, and were the chief means of transmitting useful hydraulic information and water fountain suggestions throughout Europe. In the later part of the 1500's, a French water feature developer (whose name has been lost) was the globally distinguished hydraulics leader. His competence in making gardens and grottoes with built-in and brilliant water attributes began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. The book, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” penned near the end of his life in France, became the fundamental writing on hydraulic mechanics and engineering.Distribution Outdoor Garden Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge Europe 2796860153838579458.jpg Updating vital hydraulic breakthroughs of classical antiquity, the book also details modern hydraulic technologies. Dominant among these works were those of Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, a mechanized method of transferring water. Two concealed vessels warmed by sunlight in an space next to the decorative fountain were found in an illustration. Actuating the water fountain is hot liquid that expands and rises to close up the conduits. The publication additionally mentions garden ponds, water wheels, water feature designs.

The Beauty of Simple Garden Decor: The Water Wall Fountain

The Beauty of Simple Garden Decor: The Water Wall Fountain Having a pond near your outdoor water fountain is no longer required because they can now be situated on a wall close by. Nowadays, you can eliminate excavations, complicated installations and cleaning the pond.Beauty Simple Garden Decor: Water Wall Fountain 1708957314842918066.jpg There is no plumbing required with this kind of self-contained water feature. Remember, however, to add water at regular intervals. Empty the water from the basin and place fresh water in its place when you see that the space is grimy.

Garden wall fountains come in lots of different materials, but they are usually made of stone and metal. The most suitable material for your water feature depends completely on the style you choose. It is important to purchase hand-crafted, light garden wall fountains which are also easy to put up. Owning a water feature which needs minimal maintenance is important as well. The re-circulating pump and hanging hardware are normally the only parts which need additional care in most installations, although there may be some cases in which the setup is a bit more complex. Little exertion is needed to enliven your garden with these types of fountains.

Exterior Water Features Come in Lots of Shapes and Sizes Convert your garden into what you have always desired – an oasis of peace.You can benefit from a water feature by incorporating an outdoor fountain to your property and creating a place of tranquility.... read more


The Dispersion of Fountain Design Innovation Dissiminating practical hydraulic information and fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the printed papers and illustrated books of the time.... read more


Your Outdoor Living Area: The Perfect Place for a Garden Fountain You can perfect your outdoor space by including a wall fountain or an outdoor garden water feature to your yard or gardening project.Historical fountains and water features have sparked the notice of contemporary designers as well as fountain designers.... read more


The Outdoor Water Fountains As originally developed, fountains were crafted to be practical, guiding water from streams or reservoirs to the inhabitants of towns and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking food, washing, and drinking.... read more


Water Delivery Solutions in Historic Rome Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, started delivering the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, even though they had counted on natural springs up until then.... read more


The Godfather Of Roman Fountains There are lots of famed Roman water features in its city center.Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the most brilliant sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, created and constructed almost all of them.... read more


Brief Outline of Herb Gardening An Introduction to Container Gardens & Herbal Plants.These plants are easy to grow and have the appeal of instant gratification, as they can be used in soups, marinades, and other recipes.... read more